aadhaar card

Aadhaar Card: All you need to know

Read and understand everything you need to know about the Aadhaar card. Its importance, features involved, how to apply, documents required for application, checking the status, modification, generating Virtual ID, Locking/Unlocking of your Aadhaar.

What is Aadhaar Card?

Aadhaar Card is one of the most important identity card introduced by the Government of India in 2009 for the citizens of the country. The project is run by the UIDAI (Unique Identification Authority of India) established by the Government of India under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology. As a very important KYC (Know your Customer) document, it can be used for both identity as well as address proof purposes. Also, for availing various subsidies offered by the Government from time to time, it becomes very important.

UIDAI

Features involved in Aadhaar Card

An Aadhaar card has many important details of a person like the fingerprints, Iris details, facial photograph and other important information including the demographic details of the person. UIDAI is mandated to assign a unique 12-digit identification number to all the citizens of India applying for it.

How to Apply for Aadhaar Card?

Now as you have understood the purpose and importance of Aadhaar card, I would strongly recommend you to apply for the same in case you haven’t applied it yet.

For the Aadhaar enrolment, you need to follow the steps mentioned below:

1) Visit the nearest Aadhaar enrolment centre

Take your required documents to the nearest enrollment centre for the enrollment of your Aadhaar Card. Click here to find your nearest enrollment centre on UIDAI’s website.

2) Filling the enrolment form

Simply fill the basic details and the other information asked in the application or enrollment form and submit the same.

3) Submitting proof of Identity and address documents

UIDAI supports a large number of options in documents for Proof of Identity (POI) and Proof of Address (POA):

Supported PoI Documents Containing Name and Photo

  1. Passport
  2. PAN Card
  3. Ration/ PDS Photo Card
  4. Voter ID
  5. Driving License
  6. Government Photo ID Cards/ service photo identity card
    issued by PSU
  7. NREGS Job Card
  8. Photo ID issued by Recognized Educational Institution
  9. Arms License
  10. Photo Bank ATM Card
  11. Photo Credit Card
  12. Pensioner Photo Card
  13. Freedom Fighter Photo Card
  14. Kissan Photo Passbook
  15. CGHS / ECHS Photo Card
  16. Address Card having Name and Photo issued by
    Department of Posts
  17. Certificate of Identify having photo issued by Gazetted
    Officer or Tehsildar on letterhead
  18. Disability ID Card/handicapped medical certificate issued
    by the respective State/UT Governments/Administrations

Supported PoA Documents Containing Name and Address

  1. Passport
  2. Bank Statement/ Passbook
  3. Post Office Account Statement/Passbook
  4. Ration Card
  5. Voter ID
  6. Driving License
  7. Government Photo ID cards/ service photo
    identity card issued by PSU
  8. Electricity Bill (not older than 3 months)
  9. Water bill (not older than 3 months)
  10. Telephone Landline Bill (not older than 3 months)
  11. Property Tax Receipt (not older than 1 year)
  12. Credit Card Statement (not older than 3 months)
  13. Insurance Policy
  14. Signed Letter having Photo from Bank on
    letterhead
  15. Signed Letter having Photo issued by registered
    Company on letterhead
  16. Signed Letter having Photo issued by
    Recognized Educational Institutions on letterhead
  17. NREGS Job Card
  18. Arms License
  19. Pensioner Card
  20. Freedom Fighter Card
  21. Kissan Passbook
  22. CGHS / ECHS Card
  23. Certificate of Address having photo issued by MP
    or MLA or Gazetted Officer or Tehsildar on
    letterhead
  24. Certificate of Address issued by Village
    Panchayat head or its equivalent authority (for
    rural areas)
  25. Income Tax Assessment Order
  26. Vehicle Registration Certificate
  27. Registered Sale / Lease / Rent Agreement
  28. Address Card having Photo issued by
    Department of Posts
  29. Caste and Domicile Certificate having Photo
    issued by State Govt.
  30. Disability ID card/handicapped medical certificate
    issued by respective State/UT
    Governments/Administrations
  31. Gas Connection Bill (not older than 3 months)
  32. Passport of Spouse
  33. Passport of Parents (in case of Minor)
  34. Allotment letter of accommodation issued by
    Central/State government of not more than 3
    years old
  35. Marriage Certificate Issued by the Government
    containing the address

Supported PoR Documents containing Relationship details to Head of Family

  1. PDS Card
  2. MNREGA Job Card
  3. CGHS/State Government/ECHS/ESIC Medical card
  4. Pension Card
  5. Army Canteen Card
  6. Passport
  7. Birth Certificate issued by Registrar of Birth, Municipal
    Corporation and other notified local government bodies
    like Taluk, Tehsil etc.
  8. Any other Central/State government issued family
    entitlement document
  9. Marriage Certificate Issued by the Government

Supported Proof of DoB Documents

  1. Birth Certificate
  2. SSLC Book/Certificate
  3. Passport
  4. Certificate of Date of Birth issued by Group A Gazetted
    Officer on letterhead
  5. PAN Card
  6. Marksheet issued by any Government Board or University
  7. Government Photo Id Card / Photo identity card issued by
    PSU containing DoB
  8. Central/State Pension Payment Order
  9. Central Government Health Service Scheme Photo Card or
    Ex-Servicemen Contributory Health Scheme Photocard.

4) Getting demographic and biometric data captured

capturing demographic and biometric info

5) Collecting acknowledgement slip containing Enrolment ID

Once you are done with all of the above steps, you will be given an acknowledgement slip having an enrollment ID. This slip will be used for all the future references like checking the status of your Aadhaar card by the time you receive your original Aadhaar Card.

applying for aadhaar card

Issuance and delivery of Aadhaar Card

After several quality checks, validations and de-duplication, if your Aadhaar card gets passed then after the few authentications your data is shared with the printing partners. After the final printing of your Aadhaar card, it is transferred to the logistics partner and the finally gets delivered to your doorstep.

Checking status of Aadhaar Card

You can check the status of newly applied Aadhaar Card on UIDAI’s website by clicking here. In case it’s generated, you can also download it to your device if your mobile number is registered with UIDAI.

In case you lose your acknowledgement slip

You can retrieve the 28-digit acknowledgement number and can check the status of your Aadhaar card. But for this, your mobile number must be registered with UIDAI at the time of enrollment. Follow these steps to retrieve your lost acknowledgement number:

Step 1: Visit www.uidai.gov.in.

Step 2: On the website, in the ‘My Aadhaar’ tab and select ‘Retrieve Lost or Forgotten EID/UID’.

Step 3: The website will redirect you to a new page. Select the option, ‘Enrolment Number (EID)’.

Step 4: Enter the details – Name as mentioned in the Aadhaar enrolment form, email or mobile number and security code as mentioned on the website.

Step 5: Click on ‘Send OTP’. The OTP will be sent to your registered mobile number.

Step 6: Enter the OTP and click on verify.

Step 7: Once verified, the enrolment number will be sent to your email ID and mobile number (as registered).

Once you have received the enrolment number on your phone, follow the process given above to check the status of your Aadhaar.

Checking the active/inactive status of your Aadhaar Card

You can also verify the active/inactive status of your Aadhaar card. Here’s a step-by-step process on how to verify your Aadhaar card:

Step 1: Visit UIDAI’s website: www.uidai.gov.in.

Step 2: On the website, under the head ‘Aadhaar Services’, click on ‘Verify an Aadhaar Number’. You will be redirected to a new page.

Step 3: On that page, you will be required to enter your 12-digit Aadhaar number and the captcha code.

If your Aadhaar number is active, the website will confirm it by stating that your Aadhaar number exists and will also show some of your demographic information.


But in case, after repeated attempts, the website shows that your Aadhaar card doesn’t exist then you need to re-visit your nearest Aadhaar enrollment centre with the necessary POI and POA documents. Your biometrics may be reverified again to be saved into UIDAI database.

Modification/Updation in Aadhaar Card

For availing the various Aadhaar Services including the updation/modification, your Registered Mobile Number must be accessible to you. In case you didn’t register your mobile number at the time of application of Aadhaar card or want to update the new mobile number you need to visit the nearest enrollment centre. Link for the same has been shared above.

Aadhaar details that can be updated are:

Demographic information
Name, Address, Date of Birth/Age, Gender, Mobile Number, Email Address, Relationship Status and Information Sharing Consent
Biometric information
Iris, Finger Prints and Facial Photograph

Modes of Update

Through Online

You can update the address of your Aadhaar card through self-service online mode. You can directly place the update request on the portal.

You will be required to login with your Aadhaar number and Registered Mobile Number (RMN). You will be authenticated using OTP on your registered mobile number. To complete the update process you will be required to upload the supporting POA documents. These documents will be verified against requested data by the UIDAI’s verification team.

modifying aadhaar through online mode

Through Permanent Enrolment Centre

This includes the modes through which you can update your details by placing the request at the Aadhaar enrollment centre. Fill the application form and hand over the same to the operator present along with all the supporting documents (POI or POA) required for the tallying or verification purposes.

Locking/Unlocking of Aadhaar Number

To strengthen the privacy and security of the Aadhaar number of an individual, the feature of locking your Aadhaar number has been introduced by UIDAI.

The authentication services using any method, i.e. demographic, biometric or OTP (one-time password) based, cannot be done using Aadhaar number, one you locked your Aadhaar card. Therefore, you will have to use the 16-digit virtual ID for Aadhaar to undertake any authentication services for KYC purposes. You can use your Aadhaar number for authentication services only after you have unlocked it.

For availing this feature you need to, first of all, create your Virtual ID (VID) which can be done either through sending SMS or through UIDAI’s website. Remember your mobile number must be registered with the UIDAI’s database to generate your virtual ID via SMS.

What is VID?

The VID is a temporary, changeable 16-digit random number mapped with the Aadhaar number. The virtual ID can be used for the purpose of authentication in the same way the Aadhaar number is used.

At present, the VID is valid for a minimum of one day, that means an Aadhaar holder would be able to re-generate a new VID a day after he has generated the first one. As such, there is no expiry period defined yet for the VID and it will be valid till the time a new one is generated by you.

Step-wise guide to generate Aadhaar Virtual ID:

Step 1: Go to the VID generator on the UIDAI homepage, under Aadhaar services.

aadhaar VID generation

Step 2: Enter your Aadhaar number, security code, i.e., the captcha, and click on ‘send OTP’. You will receive the OTP on your UIDAI registered mobile number.

Step 3: Below the field to enter the OTP, you’ll have the option to generate a new VID or retrieve the one you have already generated. On submitting, you’ll receive the VID on your mobile number.

Locking/Unlocking Aadhaar number via UIDAI website

If you wish to lock/unlock your Aadhaar number through UIDAI’s website, follow the steps below:

For locking your Aadhaar number

Step 1: Visit www.uidai.gov.in.

Step 2: Click on ‘My Aadhaar’ tab and under the ‘Aadhaar services’, click on ‘Aadhaar lock/unlock’.

Step 3: Select the option ‘Lock UID’ and enter the details – Aadhaar number, name as per Aadhaar records, pin code and security code.

Step 4: Once these details are entered, click on ‘Send OTP’. An OTP will be sent to your mobile number via SMS. The OTP will be valid for 10 mins.

Step 5: Enter the OTP and click on submit.

Step 6: Your Aadhaar number will be locked.

For unlocking your Aadhaar number

Step 1: Visit www.uidai.gov.in.

Step 2: Click on ‘My Aadhaar’ tab and under the ‘Aadhaar services’, click on ‘Aadhaar lock/unlock’.

Step 3: Select the option ‘Unlock UID’ and enter the virtual ID created by you earlier and security code.

Step 4: Click on ‘Send OTP’. An OTP will be sent to your mobile number via SMS. The OTP will be valid for 10 mins.

Step 5: Enter the OTP and click on submit.

Step 6: Your Aadhaar number will be unlocked.

Locking/Unlocking Aadhaar number via SMS

If you do not have access to the Internet or you are unable to access the UIDAI’s website, then you can also lock/unlock your Aadhaar number via SMS.

Follow the steps below to lock/unlock your Aadhaar number by sending SMS to 1947.

For locking Aadhaar number

Step 1: From your registered mobile number send an SMS to 1947 to get an OTP in the format: GETOTP<SPACE>Last four digits of Aadhaar number. For example, if your Aadhaar number is 1234 5678 4321, then SMS will be sent as GETOTP 4321.

Step 2: Once the SMS is sent by you, UIDAI will send you 6-digit OTP via SMS.

Step 3: You will be required to send another SMS as follows: LOCKUID<SPACE>Last four digits of Aadhaar number<SPACE> 6 digit OTP number.

Once the SMS is sent, the UIDAI will lock your Aadhaar number. You will also get the confirmation message for your request.

Remember if your mobile number is registered with more than one Aadhaar number then instead of last four digits of your Aadhaar number, you will be required to send last eight digits of your Aadhaar number.

For unlocking your Aadhaar number

Step 1: Send SMS from your registered mobile number to 1947 to get OTP in the format: GETOTP<SPACE>Last six digits of your Virtual ID number.

Step 2: Once the SMS is sent by you, UIDAI will send you 6-digit OTP via SMS.

Step 3: You have to send a second SMS to unlock your Aadhaar number. The second SMS to unlock your Aadhaar number is to be sent as follows: UNLOCKUID<SPACE>Last six digits of Virtual ID<SPACE>6 digit OTP number.

Once the SMS is sent to UIDAI, you will get a confirmation message for the same.

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